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Everything You Must Know About Black Fungus!!

Everything You Must Know About Black Fungus!!

Amid of this COVID-19 pandemic, people in our country are now shunned with the increasing cases of another deadly fungal infection, popularly known as ‘BLACK FUNGUS’! The incidence of new cases and deaths due to Black Fungus are steadily rising as per the reports revealed by the government.

As per the experts, it is a rare kind of fungal infection, but at the same time a fatal one. It normally effects 1 in 10,00,000 people but has an overall mortality rate of 50 per cent.

Let us have some details about this rare but a fatal fungal infection!

What Is Black Fungus? 

Black Fungus, scientifically known as Mucormycosis, is a rare fungal infection, but at the same time, it is potentially a life-threatening issue especially for those who are suffering from diabetes. It is generally characterized by hyphae growing in and around blood vessels in an individual.

It has become a serious issue in our country recently. This is because it is spreading at a time when our country is already facing the COVID-19 pandemic. After realizing the threat of this fungal infection and its rising cases, doctors have sounded the alarm over a "pandemic within a pandemic".

How Does One Get Infected With Black Fungus? 

Well, there are a number of ways through which people may get infected with black fungus. Like some of the possible ways are listed below:

  1. People may get infected by fungal spore floating in the environment.
  2. The infection may also enter the body through the skin, through a cut, burn, or other types of skin trauma.
  3. On coming in touch, the fungus can stick to a body part, and after a point travel inward through the nose, sinus, or lungs.

Doctors say, if the fungus enter your body through any cut or burn on your skin, in that case the, it causes local infections. However, if the fungus enters your body through the sinus, it can affect the eyes and eventually, the brain, leading to a fatal situation.

Symptoms Of Black Fungus!! 

Some of the early or initial symptoms of Black Fungus or Mucormycosis include:

  • sinus pain or nasal blockage on one side of the face
  • One-sided headache
  • Swelling or numbness
  • Toothache or loosening of teeth

Some other symptoms of Black Fungus as per the reports obtained from different hospitals all over the country, also include blurred vision, discoloration or blackening of tissue on nose and cheeks and black lesions inside the mouth or discharge from nose

How Does It affect COVID Patients? 

Well, different doctors have different perception on how does this fungal infection effected the COVID or COVID recovered patients. Some say that black fungus took root when medicines were administered to at-home Covid patients without bringing their blood sugar levels under control.

While some doctor says that it swamped immuno-suppressed systems owing to unclean, unhygienic post-Covid living conditions of patients.

Amid all this, the AIIMS (All India Institute Of Medical Sciences) Chief, Randeep Guleria, said that the situation is getting worse due to doctors coming in pressure and patients coming in panic. Patients when become panic, it put pressure on physicians, and sometimes they might end up choosing aggressive medical treatments instead of being conservative.

As per many reports it was revealed that the overuse of cheap steroids is one of the prominent causes for rising Black Fungus cases. Steroids are used to bring exaggerated inflammatory response to Covid under control. It suppresses immune response that increase the vulnerability to other fatal infections like black fungus.

Use of ordinary tap water in flow meters of oxygen cylinders, or for using such medical equipment, is also been taken as one of the reasons behind the fatal Black Fungus.

What Kind Of People Are At More Risk? 

As per the ICMR reports, it has been observed that people suffering from diabetes, or diabetic issues are more prone towards this fungal infection. Also, people who are immune suppressed, or had recently recovered from COVID-19, are more vulnerable to this infection.

Thus, it is suggested by the doctors, if you have been tested positive for COVID-19, and you are treating yourself in home isolation, it is requested not to take any medicine without consulting your doctors. Particular care is required for COVID patients who are diabetic, ICMR says that controlling diabetes is among the best preventive measures for this disease.

Doctors say that the infection is fatal but can be treated and cured if diagnosed on time. Without treatment, it can lead to lethal bloodstream infection. Thus, it is advised even if you have recovered from COVID, do take care of yourself and most importantly of your hygiene. In case if you find any symptoms or difficulty, contact your doctors as soon as possible.

Stay Informed! Stay Safe!

Thank You!

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